By Salif Diop,Jean-Paul Barusseau,Cyr Descamps
even though the focus of this booklet is at the estuaries, its scope is going well past this actual coastal characteristic. certainly, the estuary can simply be regarded as a part of the existence cycle of the total river and the marine quarter it feeds into: a space really topic to human and average pressures.
The major estuaries and deltas of West and critical Africa area supply quite a few items and companies to its coastal inhabitants. crucial of them are on the topic of serious fish habitat, wooden and charcoal from mangroves, in addition to area for agriculture, aquaculture, city improvement, tourism and transport.
Particular emphasis has been made during this e-book on mangroves that play an important position when it comes to flood keep an eye on, groundwater replenishment, beach stabilization and defense opposed to storms. in addition they maintain sediments and nutrition, purify water, and supply serious carbon garage. Such hydrological and ecological capabilities clarify the focal point on serving mangrove ecosystems and the within reach groups, which draw major source of revenue from fishing, rice creation, tourism, salt extraction and different actions corresponding to harvesting honey and medicinal vegetation, for that reason the necessity for retaining mangrove ecosystems to make sure sustainability of the estuaries and deltas of West and valuable Africa region.
The e-book has a foreword through Mr. Achim Steiner, United international locations Under-Secretary normal and government Director of UNEP who's declaring that credible and up to date details is vital for the general public at huge yet extra in particular for scientists, researchers, managers, decision-makers all operating jointly so that it will shield, defend and sustainably deal with estuaries, deltas and lagoons, and the coastal and ocean waters of Western and relevant Africa.